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Truvida-Recovery-the-7-hardest-drugs-to-kick-photo-of-a-person-making-cannabisThe United States is in the middle of an opioid epidemic, with drugs like heroin and fentanyl topping charts of the most dangerous and most abused drugs. The National Institute of Drug Use and Health estimates that some 18.7 million Americans struggle with a substance use disorder, often in co-occurrence with mental illnesses, economic hardship, childhood trauma, and behavioral problems ranging from risk-taking to sugar

These addictions also cover nearly every kind of addictive substance including alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, cocaine, opioids, hallucinogens, tranquilizers, stimulants, and benzodiazepines. But addiction isn’t solely linked to chemical dependence inducing substances, as many individuals are addicted to sugar, fitness, gaming, Netflix, etc., creating a marked behavioral element of any addiction. Addictions are complex, often based on very personal problems and situations, and stemming from a variety of problems ranging from self-medication to peer pressure. Understanding why some drugs are harder to kick than others often requires a deep understanding of personality, genetics, epigenetics, behavior patterns, and how those substances impact the brain and central nervous system.

Substance use disorder is a behavioral disorder and different people will always react differently than others. Some users will sail through quitting a drug that another person simply cannot quit. Issues such as economic situation, stress levels, job, peer pressure, mental health, physical health, genetics, epigenist, and social standing all heavily impact how a user will be impacted by drug use.

However, exposure is still the most consistent factor in drug addiction. This means most people will react in predictable ways to similar levels of drug use in similar circumstance. This was documented by one 2007 study, which categorized drugs based on the following factors:

  • Ease of acquiring physical dependence
  • Severity of physical withdrawal symptoms
  • Difficulty (mental) of quitting

These drugs are ranked in order from 1-7 based on that study.

1) Nicotine

Nicotine is the second most popular intoxicating substance in America, just behind alcohol. Today, an estimated 34 million people smoke and a surprising 30 million of them want to quit. Yet, 85% of smokers who attempt to quit never succeed. Why? Nicotine is famous for quickly moving from inhalation to the brain, where it releases dopamine and serotonin. Users have a strong motivation to continue using in physical dependence and lack of real negative consequences (other than physical health problems and expenses) and so many don’t. Instead, they feel the vague need to quit because of social pressure and medical scares. But, with 16 million Americans living with a smoking-related disease, smoking is undoubtedly deadly. Many smokers also fail to seek out professional help when rehabilitating, instead relying on going “cold turkey” and detoxing at home or using patches. These can help with physical dependence but do little to tackle the behavioral problems underlying any kind of substance dependence. In short, nicotine is difficult to quit because users don’t take it seriously enough to actually seek out the right help.

2) Benzodiazepines

Lorazepam

(Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Benzodiazepines were once the most prescribed drug in the United States. Today, they’re still in the top 20. A lot has changed over the last 10 years ago, when Valium and Xanax could be handed out with no real limit on prescription length. We now know that benzos are one of the most addictive drugs out there, resulting in mental and physical reliance in patients. New prescriptions are often limited to just 5 weeks. But, benzodiazepines are still seen as an essential drug, used even in drug rehabilitation programs to reduce the risk of seizures for alcohol withdrawal. How do you withdraw from a withdrawal drug? The answer, with difficulty. Benzodiazepines have one of the most difficult withdrawal profiles out there thanks to their effect on the GABA and dopamine receptors of the brain. Users face weeks of debilitating symptoms including emotional and psychological trauma, aggression, panic attacks, seizures, and heavy cold and flu symptoms. It’s impossible to safely go “Cold turkey”.

This means that kicking benzodiazepines, even a prescription, requires using a tapering schedule or other drugs to reduce withdrawal symptoms. It’s important to undergo either with medical supervision, which is why regular visits to your doctor or medical monitoring in a detox facility are important.

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Truvida-Recovery-the-7-hardest-drugs-to-kick-photo-of-a-person-holding-a-cocaine3) Cocaine

Cocaine is not highly addictive, but once you become addicted, it’s intensely difficult to quit. The drug is abused by an estimated 1.5 million people in the United States, but many users never become addicted. Once you do, cocaine functions much like nicotine in that it changes the dopamine and serotonin receptors to respond to the drug. Users experience emotional blunting, where overstimulated dopamine and serotonin receptors simply stop responding to natural levels of neurotransmitters produced by the brain, leading to the user simply not feeling anything at all. This means that heavy users go from an emotional and physical high to simply feeling nothing and depression, which can result in severe emotional and psychological dependence.

Cocaine users can also see harsh withdrawal symptoms characterized by a crash, depression and anxiety, agitation and aggression, and mood swings. For this reason, it may be important to seek out psychological care during detox. Users with a history of heart problems also want to seek out medical monitoring to ensure their continued safety throughout cocaine detox and rehab.

4) Crack Cocaine

Crack Cocaine is made by isolating the active components of cocaine to create a drug offering a shorter, more intense high than cocaine. While made from the same Coca plant, crack cocaine is significantly more dangerous and more addictive than cocaine. Crack cocaine is typically smoked, hitting the brain in seconds, and lasting for just 5-10 minutes. This results in patterns of heavy and intensive use, as smokers must continue using to maintain a high.

Addiction and withdrawal patterns and risks are very similar to those of cocaine, but with a higher incidence of addiction.

5) Amphetamines

Amphetamines ranging from prescription drugs like Adderall and Myadis to methamphetamine are among the most addictive drugs on the planet. They’re also some of the most prescribed, and are used to treat depression, obesity, anxiety, ADHD, and much more. Amphetamines impact the brain through the dopamine, norepinephrine, and GABA receptors, creating in a long-lasting adrenaline rush, alongside increased energy, happiness, and euphoria.

As a result, the drug is often used in recreational and party settings through both illegal street drugs like meth or crystal meth and illicitly used prescription medications. Both are incredibly difficult to kick but can result in physical dependence after just a few weeks.

Like cocaine, amphetamines also punish users for not continuing use with crashes resulting in depression, lethargy, emotional blunting, and lack of motivation. This creates strong encouragement to take more of the drug to feel okay again and very little motivation to quit. Amphetamine can be dangerous to kick because central nervous system interaction can result in seizures. For that reason, most users are recommended to quit using a tapering schedule in a medically supervised environment.

6) Prescription Opioids

The U.S. opioid epidemic mostly revolves around prescription opioids including fentanyl, morphine, and similar drugs. Opioids are an important part of the U.S. medical system, used to treat pain following surgeries and accidents and to treat chronic pain. Today, an estimated 20 million people are addicted to prescription opioids, and over 70,000 people die of overdoses each year.

Unfortunately, prescription opioids are difficult to quit for both recreational and prescription users. While many prescription users receive a Risk Evaluation and Management Schedule to prevent addiction and abuse, many still become hooked and have to struggle with physical dependence and addiction when quitting.

Quitting opioids is not easy. Intense withdrawal symptoms include depression, cold and flu symptoms, pain, mood swings, anxiety, and intense paranoia. While not often dangerous, these symptoms can be traumatic. After detox, users still have to face intense behavioral addictions, often relating to self-medication for pain and stress management. For this reason, it’s crucial to seek out a specialized opioid rehab program when attempting to quit an opioid dependency.

7) Heroin

Heroin is estimated to be responsible for 10% of all opioid related deaths in the United States, making it second only to prescription drugs like fentanyl. Heroin is an illegal street opioid, typically sourced by users as a cheaper and more accessible alternative to prescription pain medications. This means that the addiction profile and withdrawal symptoms are similar, and the drug is similarly difficult to quit. However, heroin is manufactured without any standards, meaning strength, dosage, quality, and additives vary considerably, which can change how individuals react to the drug.

Truvida-Recovery-the-7-hardest-drugs-to-kick-photo-of-people-group-psychotherapy-session-indoorsGetting Help

If you or a loved one is struggling with a substance abuse problem, it’s important to get help. At the end of the day, it doesn’t matter how difficult your drug is to quit, providing you have the right help. A rehab center will offer the personalized support to help you detox. Most will also offer personalized support for recovery, including behavioral therapy and counseling designed around the person and their background including behavior, social and economic factors, health, and past history of trauma. Detox is just the first part of recovery and often, the part that individuals can repeat on their own. Moving into a facility that offers long-term support to prevent relapse is the best way to stay clean after you kick your habit.

If you have any questions concerning addiction treatment for yourself or a loved one, contact us at Truvida Recovery. Call 877-228-1102 to speak in confidence with an experienced treatment advisor now.

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Dr. Venice Sanchez

Ph.D., LMFT

Clinical Outreach Specialist, Europe Division

Dr. Sanchez works closely with Truvida Recovery patients regarding substance abuse and related mental illnesses and creates a supportive, cooperative and informed therapeutic environment. Her areas of expertise include Substance Dependence, Dual Diagnosis, Depression, Bipolar Disorder, Schizophrenia, Generalized anxiety disorder, Panic Disorder, Bereavement, Acute stress disorder, and more. Ms Sanchez has extensive training with experts in the field of Substance Abuse, and mood and thought disorders underlying the substance use. She received a Bachelor’s degree from University of California, Los Angeles and Medical Degree from Michigan State University College of Human Medicine. She continues training at the UC Irvine Psychiatry Residency Program and has been recognized with the Outstanding Resident of the Year Award.

Jaime Askew

LMFT, LPCC

Clinical Director

Ms. Askew is a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor who has been working in the field treating substance abuse and mental health issues for over twenty years.  She obtained a Master’s degree in Clinical Psychology, with an emphasis in Marriage, Family, & Child Counseling from Pepperdine University and was among the first to obtain the LPCC license in the state of California.  She has been providing clinical supervision and training to interns, conducting workshops, and is a certified Trauma therapy trainer.  Her areas of expertise include working with legal issues, court ordered treatment, family preservation, trauma therapy, cognitive behavior therapy, family systems, social skills training, play therapy, and career/ vocational counseling.  Her passion is in advocating for at risk populations, holistic healing, and treating the underlying, core issues to help individuals achieve their maximum potential and happiness.  Jaime’s extensive experience and passionate leadership is of extreme importance to the overall TruVida clinical program, and her hands-on guidance of our clinical team insures that each patient is receiving optimal therapeutic treatment and care.

John Biroc

Consulting Psychologist

Dr. Biroc has a broad base of mental health and addiction recovery training and experience. He has supervised and taught therapists in various methodologies of effectively working with groups and individuals during therapy. He created and set up new group structures and trained staff in understanding the challenges of addiction recovery. He also helped develop curricula in Sociodrama and Psychodrama. Dr. Biroc is devoted to breaking paradigms that prevent progress in the path to lasting recovery. He is a member of the Nat’l Association of Marriage and Family therapists, and has a Ph.D. degree in Psychology, and a M.S. degree in Counseling from USC.

Dr. Nader Siahdohoni

Consulting Psychologist

Ph.D.

Dr. Nader is one our esteemed consulting Psychologists who provides our Clients with various breakthrough therapy’s that focus the functional systems including neurons, neurotransmitters, and certain brain waves that enable the way we think, behave, move, feel, and maintain homeostasis. Such therapy’s include NeuroMax neurofeedback, the state of art integrated technology in Neurofeedback, combinations of wireless Electroencephalogram (EEG), real time brain mapping and a unique and exceptional neuropathway therapy called “Visual Concentration Attention Therapy (VCAT)”. Dr Nader graduated from Walden University.

Tiffany Agra

Therapist

LMFT #103693

Ms. Agra is a Cognitive Behavioral Therapist, who has been working with individuals, couples, families, and groups for the past seven years. Her other therapeutic approaches include Narrative Therapy, Family Systems Theory, Psychodynamic dream interpretation, and Gestalt Psychology. She has also been a Guest Speaker at other organizations. This unique background has made her effective at helping clients overcome the grip of substance addiction. Tiffany obtained two Bachelor’s degrees from the University of California, Davis, and her Master’s degree from the California State University, Long Beach. She has worked for both the county of Orange and Riverside, helping those who struggle with addiction and mental illness. In addition to providing evidenced-based approaches to the clinical program at Truvida Recovery, she brings her compassion as a fellow addict in recovery; living proof that we do get better!

Deborah Wieland

Therapist

MS, LMFT #96864

Ms. Wieland is an Eclectic EMDR Therapist, using R-TEP and G-TEP, and specializes in several modalities in treating Substance Use issues, Dual Diagnosis, Complex Trauma, and Severe Mental illness. Deborah also provides several types of therapy such as Psychodynamic, Rogerian, CBT, DBT, IFS, PICT, MI, Grief Recovery, Sand Tray, and Attachment Theory to help her patients achieve mental wellness and a sober lifestyle.

She has worked with Psychiatric Hospitals providing crisis interventions and psychotherapy to those struggling with substance abuse issues, mental health issues, and domestic violence. She completed her undergraduate and graduate studies at Vanguard University of Southern California. She has a Bachelor of Arts in Psychology, Summa Cum Laude and a Master of Science in Clinical Psychology. She is currently completing her Doctoral studies in Clinical Psychology at Cal Southern University. Deborah is an active member of EMDRIA, California Association Marriage Family Therapist (CAMFT), American Association of Christian Counselors (AACC), and Psi Chi International Honors Society of Psychology.

Ashley McLaughlin

LMFT Therapist

Ms. McLaughlin is a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist specializing in EMDR therapy. She brings over ten years of experience working in the field of addiction to the Truvida Team. She obtained a Master’s degree in Clinical Psychology, with an emphasis in Marriage and Family Therapy from Pepperdine University and has two Bachelor’s degrees in Psychology and Economics from University of California, San Diego. Ms. McLaughlin was trained in EMDR in 2013 and since has been helping individuals process through past traumatic experiences that have contributed to current struggles with substance abuse and mental health symptoms. Her extensive experience and passion for this field has helped guide individuals through the process of recovery in order to experience freedom from their past and a hope for their future.

Travis Taylor

Therapist

LMFT

Mr. Taylor is a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist specializing in  Drug Abuse & Addiction,  PTSD, Anxiety, Bipolar Disorder, Borderline Personality, Codependency, Coping Skills, Depression, Dual Diagnosis. Taylor uses an integrative approach geared towards understanding self, specifically what drives one’s thoughts and behaviors. He excels in helping patients identify automatic thoughts that lead to specific feelings and undesired actions. Another useful approach stems from understanding how thoughts and behaviors are fueled by former messages that have been consistently reinforced. Travis has over 6 years of therapeutic practice and obtained a Master’s degree at Vanguard University.

Kat Johnson

AOD Counselor, Group Facilitator

With almost 10 years experience working at treatment centers, Kat Johnson shares her wisdom and passion for balanced living, creative writing, and meditation and how each plays a role in early recovery and beyond. Certified as a CADC II, and supported by a bachelors in psychology, Kat’s infectious energy brings her groups to life. She is grateful for every opportunity to spread health and wellness.

Paige A. Chastain

AOD Counselor, Case Manager

Ms. Chastain has dedicated her life to helping the suffering addict/alcoholic, bringing personal experience to both individual substance abuse and group counseling settings. She has worked in the field of addiction for several years, currently working as an addiction counselor and case manager.  Paige too, is a collaborative member of the multi-disciplinary team providing excellence in addiction services, working with clients from detox to intensive outpatient levels of care. She holds a strong skill-set in Psychoeducation, Motivational Interviewing and Dialectical Behavior Therapy.  She also has extensive experience with 12-step recovery programs. Paige is passionate about treating the client with empathy, compassion and respect throughout the client’s journey.  Paige holds an AA from Saddleback College, a BA from the University of California of Irvine and is a certified CADC-I holding memberships with CCAPP and NAADAC.

Lesley Richards

AOD Counselor, Interventionist

Ms. Richards began in this field of healthcare as a volunteer for substance abuse treatment centers and worked her way up from there. Lesley has dedicated her life to helping the suffering addict. It is her strong belief that everyone deserves to have the opportunity to have a safe and sober life.  She is very compassionate about her work as an addiction counselor, and has a strong commitment in helping patients struggling with addiction in developing healthy coping mechanisms, and developing new positive behavioral habits.  Her Group counseling sessions are highly sought after within the TruVida program.  Lesley is a Certified Alcohol and Drug Counselor (CADC), National Certified Intervention Professional (NCIP), Nationally Certified Recovery Coach (NCRC), and is a member of the California Consortium of Addiction programs (CCAP), as well as the International Association of Addiction Professionals.

Christine Green

Treatment Facilitator

Christine Green is a certified personal trainer, and yoga instructor. Ms. Green is dedicated to helping patients struggling with substance abuse transform their lives through a consciousness-based approach to body-in-motion fitness.

Christine passionately shares her 18 years experience with our clients by sharing her specialized Yoga & Energy Healing Program, which she has developed over the past 8 years of working directly with addicts and alcoholics. Her Yoga program facilitates integration of all the layers of life – environmental, physical, emotional, psychological, and spiritual with the primary initial goal of overcoming withdrawal symptoms and cravings from drug and alcohol dependency. TruVida is fortunate to have her as part of the team.

Allison Goode

Art in Recovery Counselor

Allison Goode is a lifelong resident of Laguna Beach and professional artist for over 15 years, and has developed a very successful and trans-formative Art in Recovery program in treatment facilities through out California. Her passion for the fine arts and helping others recover from substance abuse addiction is contagious. Allison has a unique ability to connect with clients through the creative process helping clients set positive goals for their recovery. Ms. Goode has studied Fine Art and Graphic Design at Laguna College of Art and Design, is a certified RADT1 technician, and is currently completing her CCAPP certification program.

Thomas Mladinich

Admissions Manager

Mr. Mladinich’s hard work ethic and dedication make him a key part of the TruVida team. Tom’s ability to connect and relate with others have allowed him to excel as admissions manager. His personal experience has allowed him to proudly serve those in need of recovery from addiction. Tom is eager to work with our clients and provide the experience, strength and hope that they need to find success in recovery.

Willie Sanchez

Operations Manager

Mr. Sanchez is a self-motivated professional with a positive attitude. He is actively involved in a 12 step fellowship. He effectively contributes to each Patient with their struggles with addiction. Willie is RADT1 certified counselor and has been educated at Long Beach City College.

Jose Flores

Program Manager

Mr. Flores is a highly motivated and hardworking team member with TruVida. He has several years of experience working in treatment helping individuals get back on track, achieving a lot of great results. He brings problem solving skills and experience to use everyday, and is proud and passionate about his profession as a RADT-I program manager.

Dr. Andrew Morrow

MD, Psychiatrist

Psychiatrist

Dr Morrow is a member of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology Psychiatry, who specializes in the treatment of depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, thought disorders, other mental health issues, and substance abuse addictions. Having undergone extensive training in medical school, psychiatric residency and over 15 years of psychiatric practice, he is well trained in both psychotherapy and medication management of mental problems. Dr Morrow integrates psychological, and social characteristics with biological therapy to treat the whole person; mind, body, and soul, and it is with great humility that he pursues the goal of freedom from substance abuse addictions.

Dr Morrow conducted his undergraduate education at St. Louis University with a B.S. in Chemistry graduating summa cum laude. He then attended medical school at St. Louis University School of Medicine, and completed his residency training and served as chief resident at University of California, Irvine Medical Center.

Sound Bath Therapy

Truvida’s sound bath treatment is a very effective experiential therapy that uplifts one’s body, mind and soul. Our certified Sound Healer plays crystal singing bowls as well as the gongs to stimulate various chakra centers.

For more than 50,000 years, sound has been used to heal, and motivate the human soul.  During a sound bath or sound healing session, one’s brain waves & breathing become regulated and synchronized, producing a deep sense of peace & well being. Bathing in sacred sound allows us to powerfully resonate with frequencies that allow us to balance & heal on all levels.

Sound therapy allows professionals to tackle addiction at a brainwave level, thus making it much easier for patients to achieve a meditative state and come to terms with their problems. Sound Therapy redresses imbalances on every level of physiologic functioning and plays a positive and powerful role in the treatment of virtually any medical disorder.

Substance Abuse can also lead to the development of a co-occurring condition (or vice versa) and cleansing the body of a substance isn’t always enough for a complete and lasting recovery. Patients must also address the physiological and emotional issues that may have led to the destructive behavior in the first place.

Evidence shows that the outcomes of sound therapy are extremely positive and beneficial to patients’ behavior, especially when doctors pair them with other scientific methods, such as individual therapy, behavioral therapy, and so on.

Natural Benefits Of Sound Therapy:

TruVida’s Sound Therapy is performed by Andrew Hubbard who is a certified Sound Bath practitioner and conducted multiple college level studies in Sound Therapy and Music theory.

Robert (Bobby) Nicholl

Admissions and Interventions

Bobby has spent over 15 years in the development and operations of several residential treatment centers in California. He is a Certified National Drug & Alcohol Interventionist, as well as a Registered Addiction Specialist. Mr. Nicholl is personally involved in Celebrate Recovery at Saddleback Church, Lake Forest, California. He says, “It’s the best thing that’s ever happened to him.” As Bobby says: “I’ve recently learned what really matters the most in life: God, my relationships, and my integrity. There is nothing more important!”

“If you have a hole in your life and your very inner being (your soul) feels empty and hungry? Then welcome, to Celebrate Hope, you’re at the right place for healing and restoration of mind, body, and spirit; we will provide you with a dignified setting and surround you with loving people. You’re going to get everything you need and even some of your wants while Celebrating Hope. Everywhere you look you’re surrounded by people who believe in you and believe you have what it takes to recover, heal, and be WHOLE. We believe in and love you because He (God) first believed in and loved us.” From day one, Bobby has focused treatment services on “What is in the best interest of the client?” With that in mind, the treatment team develops individualized treatment plans with each client’s specific needs in mind.

Charlie Grooms

Christian Pastor

Pastor Charlie leads our Christ – centered addiction treatment program dealing with men and women who are seeking restoration from drug and alcohol addiction through our Lord Jesus Christ. Our program is based entirely on the Word of God, the Bible, and all counsel originates from it. Our experience has been that with a solid grounding in the Bible and good Christian living skills, numerous men and women have been able to become productive, vital members of their community. Our primary focus is to establish, or strengthen, a relationship with our Lord Jesus Christ. Jesus is the only way to experience true freedom from the bondage of the sin of addiction

Charlie is originally from Columbus, Ohio where he attended a Christian college and then traveled across the country to California to continue his education at Bethel School of Ministry and graduated in 2015. Charlie has conducted interviews with TBN and other nation wide radio stations.

Michael Rosales

Case Manager – Christian Minister

Bio coming soon!

Dr. Edward Kaufman

MD, Psychiatrist

Psychiatrist

Dr. Kaufman graduated from Medical school at Thomas Jefferson University, and completed residency at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons. Dr. Kaufman specializes in Psychiatry and Addiction Medicine and has been practicing for over 50+ years. He has recently been selected to the 2017-2018 Best Doctors in America List based upon polling of over 40,000 physicians nationwide. Dr. Kaufman has also been distinguished in each of the last 13 bi-annual reviews conducted for the distinguished “Best Doctors” list, and has been selected as the Outstanding Psychiatrist in Orange County by the Orange County Psychiatric Association.

During the course of his remarkable medical career, he has served as president for the American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry and the editor for the American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. He has authored three books, edited five more, and written over 200 articles and book chapters on family therapy, alcoholism, drug addiction, anxiety and depression. Dr. Kaufman was a full professor of psychiatry at the University of California, Irvine, where he served as Director of Psychiatric Education, Director of Family Therapy Training and Chemical Dependency Program Medical Director. Dr. Kaufman blends his knowledge of psychology, family systems and psychopharmacology to meet the individual needs of Truvida Recovery’s clients.

Kim Brassett

LMFT Therapist

Ms. Kim Brassett is a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. She brings over 7 years of experience to the Truvida Team, and is EMDR Therapist. Her style is warm, supportive & positive and her philosophy is healing happens when the therapeutic relationship is collaborative, honest, compassionate, respectful and caring. She comes from a place of personal experience and a genuine desire to help make a significant improvement in the lives of the people with whom she works with. She provides a unique therapeutic approach to treat a wide variety of conditions including addiction & recovery, anxiety disorders, mood disorders, sexual abuse, trauma, grief and loss, relationship issues and life transitions. Kim works with clients from various cultures and backgrounds as well as all ages, and strives to create a supportive, safe environment where one can share their experiences, emotions, challenges.

Leah Dean

LMFT Therapist

Ms. Leah Dean is a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and is Certified in Dual Disorders. She brings over ten years of experience to the TruVida Team. Her therapies concentrate on Drug and Alcohol abuse/use, grief and loss, blended families, Dual Diagnosis, divorce recovery, Parent/Child Conflicts, grief and loss, interpersonal relationships, stress management, and Gay & Lesbian issues. Her goal it that each of her clients enrich their personal and relational growth as well as enhance their emotional healing. She utilizes Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and believes that mind, body and spirit are essential components to healing. Her Psychotherapy provides the ceremonial time/space for honoring one’s movement thru important life passages. Leah utilize the 12-Step program/concepts to help deal with the difficult issues of drug and alcohol abuse/use, and incorporates spirituality as well as self actualization, and mindlfullness.